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*Certified Pre-Owned* Yamaha Standard Bb Clarinet - YCL-255

Product Sku: YCL-255AS

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Overview

Our Certified Pre-Owned band instruments are used, but their condition is indistinguishable from new! Don’t miss this great opportunity to save hundreds off the cost of a brand new Yamaha clarinet! We guarantee the flawless condition of every used instrument we sell.

All Certified Pre-Owned Yamaha band instruments come with a 5-Year Hyson Music Warranty!

Recommended by more educators than any other clarinet, the Yamaha YCL-255 is considered the perfect instrument for a student clarinetist.

What improvements were made to the *NEW* YCL-255 vs. the now retired YCL-250?

  • Updated bell design improves sound quality and resonance
  • Adjustable thumb rest encourages proper positioning and optimizes comfort
  • Neck strap loop allows players the option of using a neck strap
  • Larger case for increased storage

The YCL-255 clarinet is new for 2012, and replaces their best-selling YCL-250 model, which is now discontinued. The YCL-250 had been the de facto standard student clarinet for well over a decade. At first glance, the new YCL-255 appears to be virtually identical to its predecessor, and for the most part the basic design remains unchanged. Yamaha has made no compromises with their new model. Rest assured that the new YCL-255 upholds Yamaha’s reputation for designing instruments that provide outstanding performance, durability, and quality!

There are two major changes made in the YCL-255, as compared to the old YCL-250 clarinet: first, the absence of a bell-ring; and second, the addition of an adjustable thumb rest along with a loop to allow it to be used with a neck-strap. The removal of the bell ring is said to improve the resonance and overall sound quality of the clarinet. The adjustable thumb rest accommodates different sized hands, a very helpful feature that enables young players in particular to develop proper playing technique. Traditionally, the clarinet has been played without the use of a neck strap, but more and more players are now using them, and Yamaha responded to the growing shift in this trend by adding a sturdy silver-soldered strap ring to the new YCL-255 clarinet.

Included Accessories: hard-shell black plastic clarinet case, 4C plastic mouthpiece, ligature, mouthpiece cap, cork grease, reed, instruction manual

Check out the intermediate model: Yamaha YCL-450

Product Details

Level: Standard
A standard clarinet is an entry-level instrument.
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Key: Bb
The standard Bb clarinet is a transposing instrument. A transposing instrument is one whose music is not read or played at concert pitch. The Bb clarinet sounds one whole step lower than written; therefore, Bb clarinet parts are written to accommodate.
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Fingering: Boehm
The Boehm clarinet fingering system was developed in the mid-1800s, after clarinetist Hyacinthe Klosé and instrument maker Louis-Auguste Buffet adapted the system that had recently been implemented for the flute by German flautist Theobold Boehm. Boehm himself was actually not at all involved in the clarinet’s adaptation of his innovative flute fingering system. This system’s use of ring keys and needle springs drastically changed and improved fingering, making it easier to play difficult passages by introducing alternate key positions. While a few other key systems have been developed since, none have really gained much traction, and the Boehm clarinet fingering system has remained the industry-wide standard.

Key System: 17 keys, 6 rings
A 17 key, 6 ring key system is standard of the Boehm system and also ideal for most players, certainly for an entry level player. Clarinets with more keys (20 or 22) and fewer rings (4 or 5) do exist, but the advantages of these atypical types of key systems are debatable.
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Barrel Length: 65mm
The YCL-255 has a 65mm barrel, a typical barrel measurement for an entry level player. The clarinet barrel is the piece that connects the mouthpiece to the upper joint. Based on Yamaha’s high-end clarinet designs, the barrel for the YCL-255 helps to produce a focused tone.
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Body, Bell, and Barrel Material: Matte ABS Resin
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is a common thermoplastic. ABS gets its strength and rigidity from the acrylonitrile and styrene polymers, while the butadiene rubber gives it toughness. ABS is used in many applications because of its light weight and ability to be injection molded (for instance, it is used to make LEGO bricks, medical devices, and many automotive components). The YCL-255 has an attractive matte finish that resembles real wood grain.
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Key Material: Nickel Silver
Nickel silver is a copper alloy, and despite what its silvery appearance and name imply, it actually contains no elemental silver. Yamaha prides itself on using only top quality, durable materials for their keys. This dedication to high standards gives the YCL-255 durable keys that are less susceptible to breakage. Some companies have been criticized for cutting corners by using softer metals for their keys, but in the end this can lead to bending and less precise mechanisms. Use of durable metal in key construction helps to prevent leaks, intonation issues, frequent repairs, and endless frustration.
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Plating: Nickel
Clarinet keys are generally plated with either nickel or silver. Nickel is the option that is most commonly founds on entry level instruments, for a variety of reasons. First, nickel is a less expensive metal than silver. Second, nickel plated keys will not require as much maintenance in terms of polishing. However, to preserve the appearance of nickel plated keys, it is advisable that you wash your hands before playing, and gently wipe off the keys after each use with a dry cleaning cloth (NOT a silver polishing cloth).
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Bore: Molded
The bore of a clarinet, like the bore of any instrument, refers to its interior chamber. Clarinets made of plastic, like the YCL-255, have a cylindrical bore created via injection molding. This contrasts with the machined bore style of wooden clarinets.
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Tone Holes: Straight; tapered undercut
The YCL-255 has straight tone holes with a tapered undercut. Undercut (also known as “fraised”) tone holes aid in pitch flexibility and rich tone production.
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Thumb Rest: Adjustable with strap ring
The adjustable thumb rest, as mentioned earlier, is a new innovation that Yamaha has introduced to the YCL-255. Particularly for young players, an adjustable thumb rest is advantageous. An adjustable thumb rest may help beginners to cover the holes fully. When a clarinet thumb rest is too low, the player’s right hand may approach the instrument at an awkward perpendicular angle, whereas the ideal angle should be slightly downward. When the right hand is improperly angled, the holes may not be fully covered, and the result can be air leaks—a common cause of squeaks (a sound every player strives to avoid!). An adjustable thumb rest can also aid student players in comfortably reaching extension keys (potentially eliminating the strain on the right-hand fingers, a common complaint with fixed position thumb rests that are not necessarily at the ideal position for players of varying hand sizes). The addition of the strap ring on the YCL-255’s thumb rest allows players to have the option of using a neck strap, but also does not impede the comfort for players who choose to take the traditional route of playing without a strap.    
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Mouthpiece: Yamaha 4C
Yamaha’s 4C clarinet mouthpiece is a smart choice for beginner and even intermediate players. It is durable, easy to clean, and encourages a great tone quality. Keep in mind that although the 4C is a great choice, many players choose to upgrade to another mouthpiece for various reasons, mostly boiling down to personal preference. The Yamaha 4C is a lightweight plastic, but some players prefer harder rubbers, metals, or even crystal. Generally, it is agreed upon that entry level players should choose a mouthpiece made of plastic or hard rubber.
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Mouthpiece Cap: Plastic
A mouthpiece cap is important for protecting the mouthpiece when it is not being used. The YCL-255 comes with a black plastic mouthpiece cap. It is important for players to wipe and swab the mouthpiece after use, before capping and storing, to prevent musty odors and mold from forming.
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Ligature: Nickel-plated
The clarinet ligature is a small metal band that attaches the reed to the mouthpiece. The nickel-plated ligature that comes with the YCL-255 fits perfectly on the Yamaha 4C mouthpiece, and can also be used with other mouthpieces.
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Pad Type: Valentino
Under some keys on the clarinet, there are round pads. The role of the pad is to prevent air from leaking out when the key is pressed. There are various types of clarinet pad materials, such as felt (rarely in use for the modern clarinet), cork, leather, and synthetic. Valentino pads have been manufactured by the J.L. Smith Company since 2004, when they purchased Valentino Company. These synthetic pads are popular because they are able to sit evenly and stay in place; they don’t crack, flake, or turn brown like traditional bladder pads; moths don’t eat them (an issue with other materials that can lead to frequent repair and replacement needs); and lastly, their shape will not morph when they get wet. It is important to note, however, that Valentino pads can compress if they are exposed to prolonged heat (leading to air leaks)—so be sure not to leave your clarinet on the seat of your car on a hot, sunny day.
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Spring Type: Stainless Steel
Needle stainless steel springs are durable, they have strong holding power, and they do not rust. Stainless steel is the most common material used for standard clarinet springs. The spring helps to open and close each key over the corresponding tone hole. This is an important job for a small pin; if the springs are too tight, the key will require too much pressure to close; and if the springs are too loose, keys will be slow to rise back up after being pressed.
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Posts: Threaded
Clarinet keys are mounted on small metal pillars called posts. The YCL-255, like many clarinet models, has threaded posts. In the process of mounting the clarinet keys, holes are drilled into the instrument, the threaded posts are screwed into place, and finally the keys are screwed into the posts. This process creates a firm, secure hold.
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Specs

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Reviews

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  1. Great value! 5 Star Review

    Posted by on 20th Mar 2013

    Very happy with our purchase!

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